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Athlete’s Rights and Responsibilities

Athletes are central to clean sport. Their actions, behaviors and choices determine how clean sport is. To make the global anti-doping system work, you together with other athletes around the world need to commit to your anti-doping responsibilities. The World Anti-Doping Code states the roles and responsibilities that athletes have in relation to anti-doping.

Athletes are responsible to:

Athlete’s Anti-Doping Rights Act

The Athletes’ Anti-Doping Rights Act promotes athlete rights within anti-doping and ensures they are clearly outlined, accessible, and universally applicable. This act includes:

  1. Equality of opportunity
  2. Equitable and fair testing programs
  3. Medical treatment and protection of health rights
  4. Right to justice
  5. Right to accountability
  6. Whistleblower rights
  7. Right to education
  8. Right to data protection
  9. Rights to compensation
  10. Protected persons rights
  11. Rights during a sample collection session
  12. Right to B sample analysis
  13. Other rights and freedoms not affected
  14. Application and standing
  15. Right to an anti-doping system free from corruption
  16. Right to participate in governance and decision-making
  17. Right to legal aid

Athlete’s Rights and Responsibilities-During Testing


  • Having a representative present throughout the doping control process
  • Having a language interpreter present, if available
  • Completing a training session or other activities while the Doping Control Officer (DCO) or chaperone observes
  • Having the testing procedures explained, including how the sample collection equipment works
  • Requesting to view the DCO’s credentials
  • Having a choice of collection vessels and sample collection kits
  • Receiving a copy of all forms used to document the processing of your sample
  • Providing written feedback on USADA’s Athlete Evaluation Form and/or Supplementary Report Form
  • Requesting a delay in reporting to the doping control station for valid reasons
  • Requesting modifications if you have a disability


  • Complying with the sample collection procedure**
  • Reporting immediately to the doping control station unless there are valid reasons for delay (in-competition testing)
  • Bringing a photo ID to the doping control station
  • Staying in direct observation of the doping control officer (DCO) or chaperone from the time of notification until the sample collection session is complete
  • Keeping the collection vessel and sample in their possession and in view of the DCO at all times
  • Having control of the sample until it is sealed in collection bottles (the DCO may assist the athlete)
  • Ensuring the sample code number is correctly documented on the doping control official record
  • Ensuring all appropriate paperwork is accurate, complete, and signed